Male infertility is when a man has trouble getting a female partner after having unprotected sex for over a year consecutively. It can result from underlying medical conditions, injuries, lifestyle habits, or hormonal issues. Your doctor may perform physical and diagnostic tests like sperm analysis to diagnose the cause of your infertility. About fifteen percent of all couples are affected by infertility, and men cause one-third of these cases. Most male infertility cases are due to hormone imbalances San Diego, which can be treatable. The treatment your doctor recommends depends on the cause of your infertility. Below are the common causes of infertility.
Sperm issues can lead to male infertility. You must produce healthy sperm for successful fertilization. If you produce a low number of sperm, it lowers the chances of your sperm fertilizing your partner’s egg. A sperm count of less than thirty-nine million per ejaculation may not lead to fertilization. If your sperm have abnormal motility, they may not be able to reach or penetrate your partner’s egg.
A varicocele is a swelling of the veins that drain your testicles. The problem is reversible. Doctors do not know the exact cause of varicocele, but it can be associated with abnormal blood flow. Varicocele reduces sperm quality and quantity.
Some infections can lead to infertility by affecting sperm production and health. Infections can also cause scarring, blocking sperm passage. Common infections that can lead to infertility include inflammation of the epididymis, orchitis, and some sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea and HIV. Some infections can lead to permanent testicular damage, but usually, sperm can be retrieved.
Sexual intercourse and ejaculation problems
Sometimes, semen may enter your bladder during orgasm instead of getting out through the tip of your penis. There are various conditions that can lead to ejaculation issues, including diabetes, spinal injuries, certain medications, or surgery of the bladder, prostate, or urethra. Problems with sexual intercourse may include difficulties achieving or maintaining an erection enough for sex. It may also include painful intercourse and psychological or relationship problems that alter sex.
There are many tubes that carry sperm. Defects in any of these tubules can lead to infertility. The tubules can become blocked due to prior infections, injuries from surgeries, trauma, or abnormal development due to genetic factors. Tubule blockage can happen anywhere, including within your testicles, in the epididymis, near the ejaculatory ducts, or in your urethra.
Overexposure to certain environmental aspects can affect sperm production or function. Exposure to radiation, heavy metal, or industrial chemicals like certain chemicals, pesticides, and herbicides can lead to infertility. High temperatures can impair sperm production and function. Wearing tight clothing can increase the temperature in your scrotum, reducing sperm production.
Excessive alcohol use, tobacco smoking, and being overweight can lead to infertility. Too much alcohol consumption can reduce testosterone levels and sperm production or cause erectile dysfunction. Tobacco smoking can lower sperm count. Obesity may cause hormone changes or directly impact the sperm themselves.
Male infertility can lower your quality of life. Common causes of male infertility include sperm issues, varicocele, environmental factors, sex and ejaculation problems, and poor lifestyle habits. Schedule an appointment at Gain Wellness Center for male infertility treatment to help you achieve your dream of having kids.