Type 2 Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Diabetes is a condition in which the body is unable to properly process glucose, a type of sugar. Glucose is the body’s main source of energy, and it comes from the food we eat.


Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps to move glucose from the bloodstream into the cells. In people with diabetes, the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or the cells become resistant to insulin, causing glucose to build up in the blood. Over time, this can lead to serious health problems, such as heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, and nerve damage. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, and it typically develops in adulthood.


Common symptoms of type 2 diabetes include increased thirst and urination, fatigue, blurred vision, and slow wound healing. If left untreated, type 2 diabetes can lead to serious health complications such as heart disease, kidney disease, and nerve damage. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential in managing type 2 diabetes and reducing the risk of serious complications.


Type 2diabetes is usually diagnosed based on symptoms and medical history. If you have symptoms of type 2 diabetes, your doctor will likely order a fasting blood sugar test or an A1C test.

Fasting blood sugar test measures your blood sugar after you’ve fasted for at least eight hours.

A1C test measures your average blood sugar over the past two to three months. If your test results are high, your doctor may also order additional tests, such as an oral glucose tolerance test or a glycated haemoglobin (A1C) test. These tests can help to confirm a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and check for complications.


Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or does not properly use the insulin it does produce. There are a variety of treatment options available for type 2 diabetes, and the best approach will vary depending on each individual’s needs. Treatment may include lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise, medication, and close monitoring by a healthcare team. With proper treatment, people with type 2 diabetes can lead healthy and active lives.

Risks of Type 2 Diabetes

  • One of the most serious risks associated with type 2 diabetes is heart disease.
  • People with diabetes are two to four times more likely to develop heart disease than those without the condition, and the risk is even higher for people with poorly controlled diabetes.
  • Other risks associated with type 2 diabetes include stroke, kidney disease, nerve damage, and vision problems.


If you have online type 2 diabetes, your first step should be to schedule an appointment with your doctor. Once you have been diagnosed, there are several things you can do to prevent the disease from progressing.

Start by making healthy lifestyle choices, such as eating a balanced diet and getting regular exercise. You should also avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.

In addition, it is important to monitor your blood sugar levels regularly and take medication as prescribed by your doctor.

By taking these steps, you can greatly reduce your risk of developing complications. For more information, you can speak with a health care provider or visit Healthtap and prediabetes 101 page.


Type 2 diabetes is a serious condition that can lead to serious health complications if left untreated. If you have online type 2 diabetes, it is important to speak with your doctor and make lifestyle changes to reduce your risk of developing complications.

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